The increase in temperatures has had fatal consequences for the country, which warns of a complex scenario for the coming hot months.
Everything indicates that we will experience a hot summer in the coming weeks, with the high temperatures as protagonists for the end of 2023 and the beginning of 2024 .
A preview of this would be the sunny days that occur in the central area of Chile, with a forecast of 30°C for Santiago.
While waiting for the next season of the year, a worrying situation is making news in Brazil, with the heatwave which led the capital Rio de Janeiro to break historic temperature records .
The sweltering heat has also claimed lives, with the plight of a youngster attending a Taylor Swift concert being the most high-profile case, joining that of a 2-year-old boy who lost his life last week after being forgotten in a school vehicle, as reported in local media Or Globe .
It was reported a thermal sensation which reached 59.3°C in Rio de Janeiro which must be understood differently from the official temperature, depending on meteorologist Gonzalo Espinosa Doggenweiler explains to La Tercera .
—The difference between temperature and thermal sensation is very simple, temperature is what the thermometer shows, that is a measurement of heat, now thermal sensation is what the body perceives and to that we must add the wind that normally with more wind the thermal sensation decreases, and humidity which also in case of higher humidity the thermal sensation increases.
Asked about the reasons for the intense heat recorded in Brazil, the expert considers that it is related to El Niño phenomenon and its effects on the planet .
— Although it is true that the phenomenon occurs in the Pacific or the tropical ocean, it has a global influence. In my opinion, yes, the consequences that we see in Brazil are the effects of the El Niño phenomenon, with the increase in the temperature of the sea water surface.
What would summer be like in Chile?
Given what is happening in Brazil in climatological matters, it is appropriate to ask what the scenario will be for Chile in the months to come, considering the start of summer on December 22 .
An overview of the panorama that could be positioned on the national territory is provided by the seasonal bulletin prepared by the Chile Meteorological Directorate with forecasts for November, December and January.
The report indicates that Maximum temperatures are expected to be above normal in the section between Arica and Valdivia. which would descend between Osorno and Puerto Williams.
Expected figures on average 28°C the interior sectors of the central zone regions being the most affected.
Huasco in Coquimbo; San Felipe , in Valparaiso; there Metropolitan region ; Rengo in O’Higgins and Talca in Maule would be some of the places where the thermometer could display averages between 27° and 31°C .
It is also necessary to consider the presence of El Niño phenomenon, which is expected to last in Chile until July 2024 according to recent analyzes prepared by the American Oceanographic and Atmospheric Agency.
Espinosa Doggenweiler shares a similar analysis with our media, agreeing that interior sectors will be most affected by the coming heat.
—What we should expect for our country is a very hot summer , especially in interior areas . The coastal sector must remain with the characteristics of the coastal trough which makes it more temperate, especially in the central-north of our country, since this phenomenon of coastal depression occurs, it causes us clouds and does not allow to increase temperatures. a lot. But what we have to expect in summer in our country are very high temperatures in inland areas.
And what would be the consequences that high temperatures could produce? The meteorologist warns of possible consequences for both the environment and humans.
—Heat fundamentally influences the environment with a reduction in basic resources due mainly to the effects of water crises, water deficit because of the great evaporation and there would be droughts , heat waves , fires there is also major flood , sea level rise . The entire ecosystem is altered and this has consequences on vegetation, in particular on the ecosystem, animals, flora and fauna.
Furthermore, the expert indicates that a consequence for human health is being exposed to heat stroke .
—This can have consequences such as loss of consciousness or even death from dehydration. when the temperature of the environment exceeds the temperature of the human body.
What is heat stroke?
Heat stroke affects the body when exposed to high temperatures and can endanger the body and vital organs.
As indicated Mayo Clinic this problem can occur without precondition, manifested by the following signs :
- Fever above 40°C.
- Changes in mental state or behavior, such as confusion, agitation, or swearing.
- Having hot, dry skin or excessive sweating.
- Experience nausea and vomiting.
- Reddened skin.
- Accelerated pulse.
- Rapid breathing.
If a person finds themselves in this situation, they must Keep it away from heat and try to cool it as quickly as possible. with cold happiness, fanning it or applying wet towels.
It is important to consider a hydration with cool water or a sports drink containing electrolytes, avoiding products containing alcohol or caffeine .
On the other hand, if a person loses consciousness, cardiopulmonary resuscitation must be applied. On national territory, you can request assistance online Health responds appellant 600 360 7777 with professionals who provide information 24/7.