Every November 15, World COPD Day (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is celebrated around the world, established by the World Health Organization. The main problem, the lack of knowledge that He has the society of her at the same time that he is very close to anyone.
What is COPD?
COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, refers to the group of diseases that cause obstruction in air circulation and, therefore, generate problems related to breathing. Some diseases that fall within this group are chronic bronchitis, emphysema or, in some cases, asthma.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the causes that cause this disease can vary between air pollutants, genetic factors, respiratory infections or, especially in the United States, tobacco.
Importance of the disease
Although it seems like a normal, pill-and-rest illness, it is the fourth cause of death in the country. However, although it is so important, “one of the main problems of COPD in our country is the number of underdiagnosed people” which stands at 74.7% of those affected, points out the Association of Family and Community Nursing (Asanec). ).
It is “a significant social burden and a high economic impact, both in direct costs such as use of health resources, readmissions or pharmacological treatments, and indirect costs through sick leave, pensions, among others,” says the case manager at the Huelva Health District. -Costa and representative of the Federation of Family and Community Nursing Associations (Faecap), Leopoldo Palacios.
The president of the association also wanted to highlight the reminder of “the COPD strategy of the National Health System”, approved by the Interterritorial Council of the National Health System, which includes: “one of the fundamental pillars is to promote the role of Primary Care Nursing in promoting healthy lifestyle habits and addressing smoking.
On the other hand, Palacios explains that “as a consequence of the functional and progressive decline of these patients,” many will require “home care by the family and community nurse, with home care being especially important after discharge from the hospital following a condition.” of COPD exacerbation”.
Measures to prevent
The Andalusian association has stressed that “nursing must clearly and definitively be involved in the prevention, diagnosis and monitoring of these patients, assuming a greater role and assumption of own responsibilities in the programming and execution of care for those affected by COPD.” To this end, “the active involvement of the Administration is necessary and essential, promoting new competencies and models of advanced practices that respond to the new demands of an increasingly aging population, and the structural and resource limitations of the current health systems,” the Andalusian association added.
ASANEC has also insisted on “the importance of implementing educational programs and prevention campaigns to tackle the prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Spain.”
These educational interventions such as emphasizing the “importance of quitting smoking, doing physical exercisethe use of inhalation devices, vaccination campaigns or the early identification of exacerbations, have shown to have a positive impact on the course of the disease, have improved the health levels and quality of life of patients and have decreased the use of health services,” they explain.