“Your own body weight is the most important and controllable risk factor,” says Martin Rinio, medical director of the Gundelfingen Joint Clinic.

A balanced diet with plenty of omega-3 fatty acids helps preventively. They are found, for example, in fish or flaxseed oil. Regular consumption of onions and garlic also reduces the risk of joint diseases.

Sport is another effective way to maintain healthy joints. “Even if you have osteoarthritis of the hip, stay as active as possible, but don’t put too much strain on your joints,” says Rinio. Light exercise such as walking, swimming or cycling strengthens the ligaments, joints and tendons.

Pain – and what next?

According to the expert, if prevention came too late, you should not wait too long to see a doctor. Pain in the hip, for example, is a strong warning sign that the cartilage there is already damaged.

Heat can provide a quick remedy. The pain worsens especially in the cold season, as metabolism slows down. Warm alkaline baths or wraps can loosen tissue and neutralize excess acids in connective tissue.

Cigarette smoking and being overweight also lead to the development of osteoarthritis in young people. Prevention can be beneficial.
© dpa

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